Clinical diagnosis, imaging, x-ray, IVP, and retrograde pyelogram are among the methods used to diagnose kidney stones. However, the most popular method is a CT/CAT (Computed Topography) scan. This scan combines X-ray and computer graphics to produce detailed cross-sectional images of the body, reducing radiation exposure.
So, why should you choose a CT scan for kidney stone diagnosis over other methods? Firstly, this method does not require the use of intravenous contrast, which can be risky for some patients. Secondly, it does not cause any damage to the body. It has no side effects and provides accurate and thorough diagnosis. However, it may not detect rare stones formed by unusual chemical residues in the urine.
Another advantage of a CT scan for kidney stones is that it is quick. It uses renal-colic study to immediately diagnose flank pain caused by kidney stones. If the results are positive, doctors can take a single standard x-ray of the abdominal region to determine the exact size or shape, allowing for regular x-ray check-ups instead of this expensive method.
However, pregnant women should consult their physicians before using a CT scan for kidney stones. While it may be costly, this method ensures the best value for your money, as it only requires one treatment and minimizes radiation exposure.