Men suffering from impotence, sterility and infertility often confuse the differences between these three types of illness, and most of the time inter-exchange these problems with one another. Millions of men worldwide suffer from these sexual problems. It thus becomes imperative for every man concerned about his sexual health to learn in detail about the basic differences between them since they can cause profound psychological damage in men.
Sterility in men is often compared to infertility, and though they both mean the inability of a person to bear children, there is a subtle difference between these two conditions. Sterility means the complete inability of a person to reproduce sperm. Since no amount of sperm is produced ovulation cannot occur. Sterility is strictly confined to any damage caused in the reproductive system of a person, like some damage caused in the ovaries or in the varicose veins in the man’s testicles which hinder the production of sperm and hence makes a person unable to reproduce sexually.
Infertility is generally a state when a couple is unable to conceive even after one year of trying. Infertility though does not mean that a couple is sterile, because it does not necessarily occur due to any damage in the reproductive system. There are plenty of causes behind infertility, such as stress, emotional shock or due to side effects of some kind of medical treatment. For fertility to take place three criteria’s has to be met: – a) sperm must be present, b) the fallopian tubes should be open and c) ovulation must take place. If a couple suffers from one of more of the above abnormalities it is defined as True Infertility. And if a couple does not show any of the above abnormalities and yet is not being able to conceive, it is defined as Sub-fertility.
Infertility is common in both men and women. According to studies, one-third of men and women worldwide suffer from some form of infertility problems. Infertility in men is mostly caused by:-
- A physical illness called varicocele. In this form of illness the veins of a man’s testicles are too large which causes abnormal heating of the testicle, thereby damaging and altering the quantity and natural quality of sperm.
- Infertility can also happen if the movement of the sperm is in some way hindered or blocked due to any obstacle caused in its flowing path due to any kind of injury or damage caused to the male reproductive system. Some men are born with some physical abnormalities that affect his quality of sperm. In other men an illness called cystic fibrosis often cause infertility.
Other reasons causing male infertility are generally related to health and lifestyle habits that cause serious damage to the quality of sperm. Habits like smoking, excessive drinking, drug abuse, age, exposure to environmental pollution and pesticides, health problems like mumps, kidney disease or hormone problems, medicines, exposure to chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer, etc. are all the other factors that contribute to the problem of infertility in man.
Impotence in men is generally a state when a man is repeatedly unable to sustain an erection for a substantial amount of time to provide sexual satisfaction for both partners. Worldwide, nearly one out of ten people suffer from male impotence. Regrettably, only ten percent of the men affected seek medical help and treatment. Most people are too shy or embarrassed to discuss the problem in front of others.
Male impotence, I.e. inability to maintain or sustain an erection for quite some time, is caused due to several reasons:-
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Smoking and drug abuse
- Neurological disease, head injury or stroke.
Possible treatment for erectile dysfunction
An erection is caused when blood rushes into the penis and fills up the spongy tissue, thereby hardening the penis. In a healthy man this blood is stored in the spongy tissue chamber for a long time enabling a person to have satisfactory sex. In a person suffering from impotence this blood rushes out of his penis much faster than normal resulting in quick falls or erectile dysfunction.But despite the shyness and embarrassment of most men to seek medical help, it is indeed possible to medically cure this illness with a fair amount of success rate. Some of the most popular treatments regarding male impotence are:-
Medicines: – There are several types of medicines that can be taken orally half an hour before having sex. Such medicines offer “temporary treatment” of male impotence and generally remain effective for nearly 6-36 hours after consuming. Common medicines include Viagra, Levitra and Cialis. All these medications come with their share of side effects and should not be given to persons suffering from heart disease, angina or abnormal blood pressure.
Injections: – This is another form of treatment that requires training a user to inject the base of his penis with a very fine needle to release a drug that fills the penis with blood resulting in the stiffening of the organ for a prolonged period of time. Again this process comes with its share of problems, like pain, allergy and discomfort.
Surgery: – Surgical treatments are available for persons suffering from erectile dysfunction in the form of vascular surgeries and penile implants. Vascular surgeries help unblock the flow of blood to the penis and penile implants require the insertion of an inflatable device inside the penis to maintain an erection. Though effective, these surgeries involve huge cost of treatment and hence not in the reach of every average person.
Vacuum Pumps:- In this process, a vacuum pump is used by inserting a tube over the penis and then using a hand pump to create a vacuum in the tube thus forcing the blood to rush inside the penis, causing an erection. After an erection is achieved, a small tight ring is slipped to the base of the penis to prevent the blood stored inside from escaping and thus sustaining the erection.
There are however, more sophisticated and less expensive options available which will provide you with far satisfactory results without going through the above mentioned complications. To learn more about erectile dysfunction problems and their remedies you need to read quality e-books to substantially increase your knowledge about the subject.